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European Movies

In the late forties, the Hollywood studios, which had long dominated world film making, faced a number of challenges: television was drawing audiences away from cinemas; the anti-communist witch-hunts of McCarthy's House Un-American Activities Committee was restricting what could be shown and an anti-trust suit had forced the studios to lose control over the cinema chains. As result, Hollywood movies became more conservative and focused on creating spectacle which television could not reproduce.

This left an opening for more daring, and artistic movies that was filled by European films (and the eccentric genius of Alfred Hitchcock who continued to thrive in Hollywood.).